|Origin||Infraspinous fossa (Below the spine on Scapula)|
|Insertion||Greater tubercle of the Humerus (Just below Supraspinatus)|
|Nerve supply||Suprascapular nerve|
|Actions||Lateral rotation of the arm|
Though the curriculum says origin and insertion not required, we’ve included them as that knowledge will help you understand the movements better based on muscle orientation.
Supraspinatus and Infraspiantus Origin and Insertions – Image modified from BodyParts3D, © The Database Center for Life Science licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan
As the name suggests, it originates from Infra (below) spinous fossa, located on the posterior aspect of Scapula. It goes behind the humeral head and inserts on to the greater tubercle of Humerus on the lateral side, just below the insertion of Supraspinatus. When the muscle contracts, it’ll pull the humeral head back and arm gets rotated laterally.
Testing the Infraspinatus
While the patient stands with the elbow flexed to 90 degrees and pointing anteriorly. The therapist applies a medially directed force to the arm. The patient is asked to resist the force.
If the patient experiences pain or weakness, the test is considered Positive.