|Origin||Lateral surfaces of Upper 8 ribs|
|Insertion||Anterior surface of “Medial border and inferior angle” of the scapula|
|Nerve supply||Long Thoracic nerve|
|Actions||Abduction, Protraction, Upward rotation of the scapula|
Serratus anterior Origin and Insertions – Image modified from BodyParts3D, © The Database Center for Life Science licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan
The scapula anterior surface has subscapularis muscle and serratus anterior muscles. These two muscles will be sandwiched between scapula and ribcage.
When this muscle contracts, the scapula will glide forward and it pulls the tip of scapula up, leading to some rotation upward.
Winging of scapula
To test the muscle function, we will ask the patient to lean on to the wall and push the wall with both hands. If the muscle is too weak or paralyzed, it fails to stabilize the scapula. This results in the medial border of the scapula protrude like a wing. – Signifies Long thoracic nerve damage.
Check previous lesson for Latissimus dorsi and Next lesson for Sternoclavicular joint.